The Supreme Court’s opinion in United States v. Skilling marked a sea change in how the government prosecutes public corruption cases. It used to be that all the government had to prove is that a public figure had a conflict of interest and didn’t disclose it. After Skilling, that is no longer a crime.
As the Third Circuit recently discussed, federal circuit courts are unwinding prior prosecutions of public officials for failing to disclose conflicts of interest since that is no longer a crime.
Last week, it was the Fourth Circuit’s turn in United States v. Hornsby. The Fourth Circuit reversed Mr. Hornsby’s conviction for honest services fraud, but did not undo his conviction for obstructing justice to hide his honest services fraud.