There are some good wins in the federal circuits from last week, but I think that perhaps the most interesting is U.S. v. Malenya.
The case deals, primarily, with supervised release conditions. I’ve seen some odd supervised release conditions, but this one takes the cake:
You shall notify the U.S. Probation Office when you establish a significant romantic relationship, and shall then inform the other party of your prior criminal history concerning your sex offenses. You understand that you must notify the U.S. Probation Office of that significant other’s address, age, and where the individual may be contacted.
Check out the full opinion to see how this, and other really broad conditions, are handled.
To the victories!
1. U.S. v. Taylor, Second Circuit: Taylor and his co-defendants were convicted of various charges related to a robbery of a pharmacy. Taylor fell asleep repeatedly during post-arrest questioning and was only intermittently alert. Finding that Taylor’s post-arrest statements were not voluntary, and admission of those statements was harmful error, the Second Circuit vacated the convictions of all three men and remanded for a new trial.
Defense Attorneys: Kelley J. Sharkey, Jillian S. Harrington, and Colleen P. Cassidy
2. U.S. v. Robertson, Fourth Circuit: Appellant pled guilty to carrying a firearm as a convicted felon, a charge which arose after he was approached by police and allowed them to search him. Finding that Appellant never actually consented, but merely obeyed the police officer’s orders, the Fourth Circuit found that the search was presumptively unreasonable in the absence of probable cause. The conviction was reversed.
Defense Attorney: Ronald Cohen
3. U.S. v. Malenya, D.C. Circuit: Appellant entered a plea agreement and received a 36-month term of incarceration, with all suspended but a year and a day. The court also imposed 36 months of supervised release subject to several specific conditions. Because the trial court did not weigh the burden of the supervision conditions with their likely effectiveness, there was an unconstitutional deprivation of liberty. The supervised release conditions are vacated and the case remanded to impose alternative conditions.
Defense Attorneys: Jonathan S. Jeffress, A.J. Kramer, Rosanna M. Taormina, and Tony Axam Jr.
4. U.S. v. Martinez-Cruz, D.C. Circuit: Appellant pled guilty to a single count of conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine. At the time he pled guilty, Appellant waived his right to counsel. Because Appellant provided proof that he was illiterate at the time he signed the plea agreement, the D.C. Circuit found that the burden should have shifted to the government to show, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the wavier was in fact valid. Since the trial court did not shift the burden, the judgment was vacated and the case remanded.
Defense Attorney: Richard K. Gilbert