It’s a grab bag of victories in the federal circuits for last week. A few sentencing remands – including one based on a loss calculation in a health care fraud case – but the most interesting remand is in the First Circuit’s opinion in United States v. Delgado-Marrero.
To the victories!
1. United States v. Delgado-Marrero, First Circuit: Delgado-Marrero and Rivera-Claudio were both convicted by a jury of drug and gun charges and sentenced to 15 years in prison. Delgado-Marrero was granted a new trial because the district court erred by excluding testimony of a defense witness. The First Circuit also found error with regard to Rivera-Claudio’s sentence because the district court failed to properly instruct the jury that in answering a post-verdict special question regarding quantity of drugs, they needed to be sure of the quantity beyond a reasonable doubt.
Defense Attorneys: Rafael F. Castro-Lang, Linda Backiel
2. United States v. Johnson, Seventh Circuit: Appellant’s sentence was vacated because a sentencing enhancement was incorrectly applied. Based on the victim’s testimony at sentencing, Appellant had not committed a sex offense while in failure to register status, so that enhancement was improper.
3. United States v. Perry, Seventh Circuit: Appellant twice violated the terms of his supervised release. Based on the second violation, he was sentenced to five years’ imprisonment. Because the original conviction had a statutory maximum term of imprisonment of two years, the new sentence for five years’ imprisonment was vacated and remanded.
4. United States v. Bankhead, Eighth Circuit: Appellant received a 180-month mandatory minimum sentence under the Armed Career Criminal Act (“ACCA”) after pleading guilty to being a felon in possession of a firearm. His sentence was reversed and remanded because a predicate juvenile offense, which was used in determining sentence, did not qualify as an ACCA predicate offense.
5. United States v. Gonzalez-Monterroso, Ninth Circuit: Appellant’s sentence was vacated and remanded. The district court erred in determining that Appellant’s prior Delaware conviction for attempted rape in the fourth degree was a crime of violence warranting a 16-level sentencing enhancement. The Ninth Circuit determined that Delaware’s statutory definition of “substantial step” criminalized more conduct than the generic federal statutory definition.
6. United States v. Popov, Ninth Circuit: Appellants were convicted of conspiracy to commit health care fraud arising from the submission of fraudulent bills to Medicare. The Ninth Circuit reversed the district court’s findings regarding the amount of loss, holding that evidence can be submitted to show that the amount billed to Medicare overestimates the actual loss amount.